Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping apparel for guys until finally the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is More synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the habit similar to a very good numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is due to White Ants."[10]


Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from soft material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-very first More century These are instead unusual.

Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.

Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps today refer to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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